SLABS

Materials

Surface

in its natural state; unprocessed.

fissured longitudinally; natural appearance.

elongated notches or incisions that provides the stone a rustic appearance.

having surface indentations produced or appearing to have been produced by a special tool

high temperature treatment that granitic rocks’ surfaces are subjected in order to obtain a rough, cratered and vitreous surface. The final appearance of the stone is rustic.

roughen or clean (a surface) with a jet of sand driven by compressed air or steam.

polished but not shiny; rustic surface.

to cut the stone’s surface with a diamond teeth disc or steel strapping; the resulting surface is smooth but rough.

similar to the polishing process, but the surface is not shiny.

abrasive grain are applied with polishing machines, obtaining a smooth and shiny surface of the stone.

Layout

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Square or rectangular tiles. It is possible to use tiles of the same size or to alternate half tiles from row to another. Tiles could also be placed in a diagonal shape or any other shape, but the finsal appearance must be regular.

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Regular tiles of different sizes placed with a regular shape and with similar joining.

Tiles of irregular shape and number of sides, placed with a similar joining

The mortars and the glues

Mix calculations
For 1 m3
of dry sand
  • From 800 kg to 1100 kg of cement.
  • From 400 kg to 1000 kg of hydrated lime.

Cementitious adhesive are used according to recommendations of the manufacturer.

Sand grain sizes

JOINTS

  • 1,5 – 2 mm
  • 2 – 10 mm
  • > 10 mm

JOINTS

  • 1,5 – 2 mm
  • 2 – 10 mm
  • > 10 mm


Remarks

TYPES OF MORTAR
o The mortar mix is chosen according to the use of the floor.
o Private use passing (family house).
o Public building with moderate passing (office or classroom)
o Public building with heavy passing (airport, train station, shopping mall).

BINDER
o The proportion of binder varies from 250 to 325 kg for 1 m3 of dry sand.
o Consumption of binder for the grout can vary from 3 to 4 kg/m2 for a single layer up to 4,5 kg/m2 if a second layer is applied.
o It is better to use a low alkaline binder.

OTHERS
o The use of natural hydraulic lime is authorized for private use, the mix is 450 kg of lime for 1m3 of dry sand.
o To lay white or light coloured stones, use white lime or cement in the mortar mix.
o It is better to try the mortar mix on a sample of stone to see if stains appear before applying it to a great surface