TILES

Materials

Surface

in its natural state; unprocessed.

fissured longitudinally; natural appearance.

elongated notches or incisions that provides the stone a rustic appearance.

having surface indentations produced or appearing to have been produced by a special tool

high temperature treatment that granitic rocks’ surfaces are subjected in order to obtain a rough, cratered and vitreous surface. The final appearance of the stone is rustic.

roughen or clean (a surface) with a jet of sand driven by compressed air or steam.

polished but not shiny; rustic surface.

to cut the stone’s surface with a diamond teeth disc or steel strapping; the resulting surface is smooth but rough.

similar to the polishing process, but the surface is not shiny.

abrasive grain are applied with polishing machines, obtaining a smooth and shiny surface of the stone.

Layout

To the contrary that happen with slabs, tiles are usually no more than 12 inches (30cm) by 12 inches (30 cm). Manufacturers cut these tiles slightly thinner than slabs, which makes them easier to treat and ship. The polishes used on tiles are the same, but their lighter weight may allow them to be placed on normal counters as they are. Slabs usually require extra support. .

Different Configurations

The mortars and the glues

Mix calculations
For 1 m3
of dry sand
  • From 800 kg to 1100 kg of cement.
  • From 400 kg to 1000 kg of hydrated lime.

Cementitious adhesive are used according to recommendations of the manufacturer.

Sand grain sizes

JOINTS

  • 1,5 – 2 mm
  • 2 – 10 mm
  • > 10 mm

JOINTS

  • 0/0,315 or 0/0,4 mm
  • 0/1 mm
  • 0/3,15 or 0/4 mm


Remarks


o To lay white or light coloured stones, use white lime or cement in the mortar mix.
o It is better to try the mortar mix on a sample of stone to see if stains appear before applying it to a great surface.
o It is better to use a low alkaline blinder.